Milia: how to prevent & remove milia

We all want a smooth and even skin, and especially in areas that are clearly visible to others, such as the face. This is why some people may be concerned when they notice the appearance of milia.

Milia are small bumps or cysts that develop on the surface of the skin, and they are particularly common in parts of the face such as the eyelids, the cheeks, or the undereye area. Despite being small (1 to 2 millimetres on average), milia are visible and can appear at any age. Fortunately, there are things that can be done to prevent them and to remove them.

Tips for preventing milia

As it happens with other skin conditions, milia cannot always be 100 per cent prevented. For example, some babies are already born with milia. In the case of adults, milia can be usually prevented by following a consistent skincare routine. Some suggestions include:

  • Avoiding or limiting the use of oily skincare products or creams with a thick consistency.
  • Exfoliating regularly (2 to 3 times per week).
  • Excessive sun exposure can also be a factor that makes your skin more vulnerable to milia, so it’s better to avoid it.
  • Since chemical peels can trigger milia, you may want to ask your dermatologist about the use of retinoids prior to the procedure. There are other skin treatments that can cause milia, such as dermabrasion and laser skin resurfacing.

However, milia can appear even if you’re careful with sun exposure and follow the suggestions above. If that happens, you can start by trying some home remedies to remove them.

Removing milia at home

The first step in milia removal is to keep the skin clean. You can do this by switching to a mild or neutral soap and doing steam baths to keep the pores open and clean. Exfoliating the area affected can also help, but you must be careful not to overdo it to avoid skin irritation. You should also keep the area protected from sun exposure and use a high-protection factor sunscreen.

One thing you should avoid doing is picking at milia or trying to remove them by poking or pulling. This will only aggravate the condition and can cause infection or even scarring. If home remedies don’t work, you may want to visit a dermatologist and ask about the medical treatments available.

Removing milia with medical treatments

Home remedies aren’t always effective in milia removal. Milia aren’t usually harmful, but if you want them removed and home treatments didn’t work, there are some medical milia removal options that can help.

Our skin specialists can remove them with a sterile blade or needle, a procedure known as de-roofing. We can also freeze milia, so they’re easier to remove without risking an infection. In some cases, we may recommend treating milia with antibiotics.

It’s also worth remembering that in some cases, milia may disappear on their own after a few weeks or months, so you may not always need treatment.

For more information, we invite you to a FREE consultation with our facial aesthetics specialist.




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